Communications Procedure

Anyone may bring a complaint to the attention of the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights alleging that a State party to the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights has violated one or more of the rights contained therein. Individuals and NGOs in Africa and beyond have over the years seized the Commission with complaints of this nature.[]

Guidelines for the Submission of Communications

This Information Sheet is published by the Secretariat of the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights. Its purpose is to inform people or groups of people, and states parties to the African Charter on human and Peoples' Rights on how they can denounce alleged violations of human and peoples' rights within the African human rights protection system. It covers such matters as the rights and freedoms protected in the Charter, conditions for submitting communications, emergency communications, who can submit a communication, how many violations per communication, legal representation and a standard format for the submission of communications.[]

Decisions on Communications

355/07 Communication 355/07 - Hossam Ezzat & Rania Enayet (represented by Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights & INTERIGHTS) v The Arab Republic of EgyptEgypt2, 3, 8Decided on merits
339/2007 Communication 339/2007: Patrick Okiring and Agupio Samson (represented by Human Rights Network and ISIS-WICCE) v. Republic of UgandaUganda5, 6, 7Decided on merits
596/16 Communication 596/16: Romy Goornah (represented by Dev Hurnam) v. The Republic of MauritiusMauritius1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7Ruled inadmissible
428/12 Communication 428/12 – Dawit Isaak v Republic of EritreaEritrea1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 18Decided on merits
661/17 Amir Fam & 141 Others v The Arab Republic of EgyptEgyptRejected at seizure stage
612/16 Ahmed Mohammed Aly Subaie v. Arab Republic of EgyptEgyptStrike Out
434/12 Filimao Pedro Tivane (represented by Dr. Simeao Cuamba) v. MozambiqueMozambique14, 7Ruled inadmissible
104/94-109/94-126/94 Centre of the Independence of Judges and Lawyers vs AlgeriaAlgeriaRuled inadmissible
53/90 Albert T. Capitao vsTanzaniaTanzaniaRuled inadmissible
57/91 Tanko Bariga vs NigeriaNigeriaRuled inadmissible
35/89 Seyoum Ayele vs TogoTogoRuled inadmissible
13/88 Hadjali Mohamad vs AlgérieAlgeriaRuled inadmissible
15/88 Mpaka-Nsusu Andre Alphonse vs Zaïre (DRC)Democratic Republic of the CongoRuled inadmissible
25/89-47/90-56/91-100/93 Free Legal Assistance Group, Lawyers' Committee for Human Rights, Union Interafricaine des Droits de l'Homme, Les Témoins de Jehovah v. DRCDemocratic Republic of the Congo4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 16, 17Decided on merits
288/04 Gabriel Shumba v Zimbabwe Zimbabwe4, 5, 6, 7, 10Decided on merits
433/12 Albert Bialufu Ngandu V Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the CongoDecided on merits
319/06 Interights & Ditshwanelo v. The Republic of BotswanaBotswana1, 4, 5Decided on merits
317/06 The Nubian Community in Kenya v. The Republic of KenyaKenyaDecided on merits
318/06 Open Society Justice Initiative v. Côte d’Ivoire Cote d'IvoireDecided on merits
467/14 Ahmed Ismael and 528 Others v. the Arab Republic of Egypt4, 6, 7Ruled inadmissible
445/13 Human Rights Council and Others v. EthiopiaEthiopiaRuled inadmissible
410/12 Congress for Democracy and Justice (CDJ) v. GabonGabonRuled inadmissible
400/11 Réseau Ouest Africain des Défenseurs des Droits Humains et Coalition Ivoirienne des Défenseurs des Droits de l’Homme v. Côte d’Ivoire Cote d'IvoireRuled inadmissible
416/12 Jean-Marie Atangana Mebara v. CameroonCameroon7Decided on merits
325/06 Organisation Mondiale Contre la Torture et Ligue de la Zone Afrique pour la Défense des Droits des Enfants et Elèves (pour le compte de Céline) vs République Démocratique du CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo2, 4, 5, 7, 18Decided on merits

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