Communications Procedure

Anyone may bring a complaint to the attention of the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights alleging that a State party to the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights has violated one or more of the rights contained therein. Individuals and NGOs in Africa and beyond have over the years seized the Commission with complaints of this nature.[]

Guidelines for the Submission of Communications

This Information Sheet is published by the Secretariat of the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights. Its purpose is to inform people or groups of people, and states parties to the African Charter on human and Peoples' Rights on how they can denounce alleged violations of human and peoples' rights within the African human rights protection system. It covers such matters as the rights and freedoms protected in the Charter, conditions for submitting communications, emergency communications, who can submit a communication, how many violations per communication, legal representation and a standard format for the submission of communications.[]

Decisions on Communications

433/12 Albert Bialufu Ngandu V Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the CongoDecided on merits
319/06 Interights & Ditshwanelo v. The Republic of BotswanaBotswana1, 4, 5Decided on merits
317/06 The Nubian Community in Kenya v. The Republic of KenyaKenyaDecided on merits
318/06 Open Society Justice Initiative v. Côte d’Ivoire Cote d'IvoireDecided on merits
467/14 Ahmed Ismael and 528 Others v. the Arab Republic of Egypt4, 6, 7Ruled inadmissible
445/13 Human Rights Council and Others v. EthiopiaEthiopiaRuled inadmissible
410/12 Congress for Democracy and Justice (CDJ) v. GabonGabonRuled inadmissible
400/11 Réseau Ouest Africain des Défenseurs des Droits Humains et Coalition Ivoirienne des Défenseurs des Droits de l’Homme v. Côte d’Ivoire Cote d'IvoireRuled inadmissible
416/12 Jean-Marie Atangana Mebara v. CameroonCameroon7Decided on merits
325/06 Organisation Mondiale Contre la Torture et Ligue de la Zone Afrique pour la Défense des Droits des Enfants et Elèves (pour le compte de Céline) vs République Démocratique du CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo2, 4, 5, 7, 18Decided on merits
387/10 Kofi Yamgnane v. TogoTogo7, 13Strike Out
346/07 Mouvement du 17 Mai v.Democratic Republic of CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo7, 13Decided on merits
477/14 Crawford Lindsay von Abo v. the Republic of ZimbabweZimbabwe1, 2, 3, 14, 21Ruled inadmissible
427/12 SERAP (on behalf of Daniel Nsofor and Osayinwinde Agbomien) v NigeriaNigeria7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1Lack of diligent prosecution, Strike Out
349/07 Simon Weldehaimanot v. EritreaEritrea2, 7, 18, 26Withdrawn
389/10 Mbiankeu v. CameroonCameroonDecided on merits
379/09 Monim Elgak, Osman Hummeida and Amir Suliman (represented by FIDH and OMCT) v SudanSudan1, 5, 6, 9, 10, 12, 15, 16Decided on merits
259/2002 259/2002 - Groupe de Travail sur les Dossiers Judiciaires Stratégiques v. Democratic Republic of Congo Democratic Republic of the CongoDecided on merits
287/04 Titanji Duga Ernest (on behalf of Cheonumu Martin and Others) v. CameroonCameroonDecided on merits
414/12 Lawyers for Human Rights (Swaziland) v The Kingdom of SwazilandSwazilandRuled inadmissible
435/12 Eyob B. Asemie v the Kingdom of LesothoLesothoRuled inadmissible
390/10 Aboubakar Abba v. CameroonCameroonLack of diligent prosecution
260/2002 Bakweri Land Claims Committee (BLCC) v. Cameroon CameroonStrike Out
383/10 Mohammed Abdullah Saleh Al-Asad v. the Republic of DjiboutiDjiboutiRuled inadmissible
322/2006 Tsatsu Tsikata v. Republic of GhanaGhana26

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