Communications Procedure

Anyone may bring a complaint to the attention of the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights alleging that a State party to the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights has violated one or more of the rights contained therein. Individuals and NGOs in Africa and beyond have over the years seized the Commission with complaints of this nature.[]

Guidelines for the Submission of Communications

This Information Sheet is published by the Secretariat of the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights. Its purpose is to inform people or groups of people, and states parties to the African Charter on human and Peoples' Rights on how they can denounce alleged violations of human and peoples' rights within the African human rights protection system. It covers such matters as the rights and freedoms protected in the Charter, conditions for submitting communications, emergency communications, who can submit a communication, how many violations per communication, legal representation and a standard format for the submission of communications.[]

Latest Decisions on Communications

413/12 David Mendes (represented by the Centre for Human Rights, University of Pretoria) / AngolaAngolaRuled inadmissible
375/09 Priscilla Njeri Echaria (represented by Federation of Women Lawyers, Kenya and International Center for the Protection of Human Rights) / KenyaKenyaRuled inadmissible
331/06 Kamanakao Association, Reteng & Minority Rights Group v. The Republic of BotswanaBotswanaDismissed
386/10 Dr. Farouk Mohamed Ibrahim (represented by REDRESS) / SudanSudanRuled inadmissible
290/04 Open Society Justice Initiative (on behalf of Pius Njawe Noumeni) / CameroonCameroonLack of diligent prosecution
336/07 AFTRADEMOP and Global Welfare Association (on behalf of the Moko-oh Indigenous Peoples of Cameroon) v. CameroonCameroonLack of diligent prosecution
321/06 Law Society of Zimbabwe et al / ZimbabweZimbabweLack of diligent prosecution
285/04 Mr Kizila Watumbulwa / Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the CongoLack of diligent prosecution
289/04 Maîtres Brahima Koné et Tiéoulé Diarra / Côte d’IvoireCote d'IvoireLack of diligent prosecution
302/05 Maître Mamboleo M. Itundamilamba / République Démocratique du CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo3, 7Decided on merits
335/06 Dabalorivhuwa Patriotic Front / Republic of South AfricaSouth AfricaDismissed
323/06 Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights and INTERIGHTS / EgyptEgypt1, 2, 3, 5, 9, 16, 18Decided on merits
278/03 Promoting Justice for Women and Children (PROJUST NGO) / Democratic Republic of CongoDemocratic Republic of the CongoRuled inadmissible
351/07 Givemore Chari (represented by Gabriel Shumba) / Republic of ZimbabweZimbabweRuled inadmissible
277/03 Spilg and Mack & DITSHWANELO (on behalf of Lehlohonolo Bernard Kobedi) v. BotswanaBotswana5Decided on merits
286/04 Dino Noca / Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo3, 7, 14Decided on merits
301/05 Haregewoin Gabre-Selassie and IHRDA (on behalf of former Dergue Officials) / EthiopiaEthiopia7Decided on merits
295/04 Noah Kazingachire, John Chitsenga, Elias Chemvura and Batanai Hadzisi (represented by Zimbabwe Human Rights NGO Forum) / ZimbabweZimbabwe1, 4Decided on merits
305/05 ARTICLE 19 and Others / ZimbabweZimbabweRuled inadmissible
361/08 J.E Zitha & P.J.L.Zitha (represented by Prof. Dr. Liesbeth Zegveld) / MozambiqueMozambiqueRuled inadmissible
334/06 Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights and Interights v Arab Republic of EgyptEgypt5, 7, 26Decided on merits
306/05 Samuel T. Muzerengwa and 110 Others (represented by Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights) / ZimbabweZimbabweRuled inadmissible
338/07 Socio-Economic Rights and Accountability Project (SERAP) / Federal Republic of NigeriaNigeriaRuled inadmissible
333/06 Southern Africa Human Rights NGO Network and Others / TanzaniaTanzania4Ruled inadmissible
313/05 Kenneth Good / Republic of BotswanaBotswana18, 12, 9, 7, 2, 1Decided on merits

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