Communications Procedure

Anyone may bring a complaint to the attention of the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights alleging that a State party to the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights has violated one or more of the rights contained therein. Individuals and NGOs in Africa and beyond have over the years seized the Commission with complaints of this nature.[]

Guidelines for the Submission of Communications

This Information Sheet is published by the Secretariat of the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights. Its purpose is to inform people or groups of people, and states parties to the African Charter on human and Peoples' Rights on how they can denounce alleged violations of human and peoples' rights within the African human rights protection system. It covers such matters as the rights and freedoms protected in the Charter, conditions for submitting communications, emergency communications, who can submit a communication, how many violations per communication, legal representation and a standard format for the submission of communications.[]

Latest Decisions on Communications

383/10 Mohammed Abdullah Saleh Al-Asad v. the Republic of DjiboutiDjiboutiRuled inadmissible
322/2006 Tsatsu Tsikata v. Republic of GhanaGhana26
340/07 Nixon Nyikadzino (represented by Zimbabwe Human Rights NGO Forum) / ZimbabweZimbabweRuled inadmissible
407/11 Artur Margaryan and Artur Sargsyan v the Republic of KenyaKenyaLack of diligent prosecution
464/14 Uhuru Kenyatta and William Ruto (represented by Innocence Project Africa) v. Republic of KenyaKenyaRejected at seizure stage
368/09 Abdel Hadi, Ali Radi & Others v Republic of SudanSudan1, 5, 6, 7Decided on merits
409/12 Luke Munyandu Tembani and Benjamin John Freeth (represented by Norman Tjombe) / Angola and Thirteen OthersMalawi , Mauritius , Mozambique , Seychelles , Tanzania , Angola , Botswana , Lesotho , Zimbabwe , Namibia , South Africa , Swaziland , Zambia , Democratic Republic of the CongoDecided on merits
328/06 Frente para a Libertação do Estado de Cabinda / AngolaAngolaDecided on merits
457/13 Pastor Key Mwand / Democratic Republic of CongoDemocratic Republic of the CongoDismissed
386/10 Dr. Farouk Mohamed Ibrahim (represented by REDRESS) / SudanSudanRuled inadmissible
290/04 Open Society Justice Initiative (on behalf of Pius Njawe Noumeni) / CameroonCameroonLack of diligent prosecution
336/07 AFTRADEMOP and Global Welfare Association (on behalf of the Moko-oh Indigenous Peoples of Cameroon) v. CameroonCameroonLack of diligent prosecution
321/06 Law Society of Zimbabwe et al / ZimbabweZimbabweLack of diligent prosecution
335/06 Dabalorivhuwa Patriotic Front / Republic of South AfricaSouth AfricaDismissed
285/04 Mr Kizila Watumbulwa / Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the CongoLack of diligent prosecution
289/04 Maîtres Brahima Koné et Tiéoulé Diarra / Côte d’IvoireCote d'IvoireLack of diligent prosecution
286/04 Dino Noca / Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo3, 7, 14Decided on merits
301/05 Haregewoin Gabre-Selassie and IHRDA (on behalf of former Dergue Officials) / EthiopiaEthiopia7Decided on merits
295/04 Noah Kazingachire, John Chitsenga, Elias Chemvura and Batanai Hadzisi (represented by Zimbabwe Human Rights NGO Forum) / ZimbabweZimbabwe1, 4Decided on merits
278/03 Promoting Justice for Women and Children (PROJUST NGO) / Democratic Republic of CongoDemocratic Republic of the CongoRuled inadmissible
351/07 Givemore Chari (represented by Gabriel Shumba) / Republic of ZimbabweZimbabweRuled inadmissible
277/03 Spilg and Mack & DITSHWANELO (on behalf of Lehlohonolo Bernard Kobedi) v. BotswanaBotswana5Decided on merits
323/06 Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights and INTERIGHTS / EgyptEgypt1, 2, 3, 5, 9, 16, 18Decided on merits
331/06R Kamanakao Association, Reteng & Minority Rights Group v. The Republic of BotswanaBotswanaDismissed
413/12 David Mendes (represented by the Centre for Human Rights, University of Pretoria) / AngolaAngolaRuled inadmissible


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