Legal Instruments

Legal Instrument Adopted Entered
into force
Ratified
African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance25.10.201115.02.201210
Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa07.11.200325.11.200528
Constitutive Act of the African Union11.07.200026.05.200153
Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights on the Establishment of the African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights10.06.199825.01.200424
African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child01.07.199029.11.199941
African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights27.06.198121.10.198653
AU Convention Governing Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa10.09.196920.06.197445

Soft law

Legal Instrument Adopted
General Comments on Article 14 (1) (d) and (e) of the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa06.11.2012
Guidelines and Principles on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights24.10.2011
Guidelines for African Union Electoral Observations and Monitoring Missions24.10.2011
Model Law for African States on Access to Information24.10.2011
State Party reporting guidelines for Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (Tunis Reporting Guidelines)24.10.2011
Pretoria Declaration on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in Africa17.09.2004
Declaration on Gender Equality in Africa08.07.2004
Kigali Declaration, 200308.05.2003
Resolution on Guidelines and Measures for the Prohibition and Prevention of Torture, Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment in Africa (Robben Island Guidelines), 200823.10.2002
Ouagadougou Declaration and Plan of Action on Accelerating Prisons and Penal Reforms in Africa20.09.2002
Grand Bay (Mauritius) Declaration and Plan of Action, 199916.04.1999
Guidelines for National Periodic Reports14.04.1989

Binding Instruments Ratification

There are four binding instruments that are not yet ratified by all states: Refugee Convention, Women Protocol, Child Charter, African Charter on Democracy and the Protocol on the Establishment of the African Court. Idealy, the map below should be all green.

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Ratification Map
  States which have ratified all binding instruments 16
  States that have not yet ratified one or two instruments 28
  States that have not ratified more than three instruments 10

Rules of Procedure 2010

Approved by the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights during its 47th ordinary session held in Banjul, The Gambia from May 12 to 26, 2010.

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