GUIDELINES ON POLICING ASSEMBLIES IN AFRICA

Contents

FOREWORD                                                                                                                  04

PREAMBLE                                                                                                                   06

PART 1 PRELIMINARY PROVISIONS                                                                              08

1 General principles governing the right to assemble freely with others                                 08

2 Legislative and regulatory framework governing the right to assemble freely with others       09

PART 2 ORGANISATIONAL AND OPERATIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR A

RIGHTS-BASED APPROACH TO THE POLICING OF ASSEMBLIES                                  10

3 General principles                                                                                                         10

4 Regulatory framework governing the policing of assemblies                                               10

5 Command structures                                                                                                     11

6 Information, communication and facilitation mechanisms                                                  11

7 Training                                                                                                                        11

8 Oversight, accountability and monitoring                                                                          12

PART 3 PREPARATION AND PLANNING FOR THE POLICING OF ASSEMBLIES                14

9 Preparation for assemblies                                                                                             14

10 Information gathering by law enforcement officials                                                           14

11 Communication and facilitation with assembly organisers and other stakeholders              15

12 Risk assessment and contingency planning                                                                   15

PART 4 POLICING DURING ASSEMBLIES                                                                        17

13 Communication                                                                                                           17

14 Deployment                                                                                                                17

15 Documenting assemblies                                                                                             18

16 Stop, search and arrest                                                                                               18

17 Facilitation of first aid and other essential services                                                         19

18 Facilitating multiple assemblies                                                                                    18

19 Enforcing conditions on assemblies                                                                              19

20 De-escalation                                                                                                              20

21 Use of force and firearms                                                                                              21

22 Dispersing assemblies                                                                                                  23

PART 5 POLICING AFTER AN ASSEMBLY                                                                        25

23 Detained persons                                                                                                         25

24 Debriefing and review                                                                                                    25

PART 6 IMPLEMENTATION                                                                                               27

25 Implementation measures                                                                                             27

26 Application                                                                                                                  27

27 Training                                                                                                                       27

28 Reporting                                                                                                                     27

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