Commissioner Mohammed Ben Salem was Special Rapporteur on Extra-judicial, Summary or Arbitrary Executions from the 15th session (held in Banjul from 15 to 18 April 1994) until the 28th session (held in Cotonou, Benin from 23 October to 6 November 2000). Initially, his work focused on Rwanda (resolution 8 of the 15th session and resolution 12 of the 16th session). The mandate of the Special Rapporteur was approved at the 18th session (Praia, Cape Verde –October 1995) and is as follows:
- To propose the implementation of a reporting system on cases of extra-judicial, summary or arbitrary executions in African States, specifically by keeping a register containing all information as to the identity of the victims.
- To follow up, in collaboration with government officials, or failing that, with international, national or African NGOs, all enquiries which could lead to discovering the identity and extent of responsibility of authors and initiators of extra-judicial, summary or arbitrary executions.
- To suggest the ways and means of informing the African Commission in good time of the possibility of extra-judicial, summary or arbitrary executions, with the goal of intervening before the OAU Summit.
- To intervene with States for trial and punishment of perpetrators of extra-judicial, summary or arbitrary executions, and rehabilitation of the victims of these executions.
- To examine the modalities of the creation of a mechanism of compensation for the families of victims of extra-judicial, summary or arbitrary executions, which might be done through national legal procedures, through an African compensation fund.
In his mission, the Special Rapporteur had as a priority to produce a report on extra-judicial execution of children, women, demonstrators, and of human rights activists/political opponents.