The Working Group on Indigenous Populations/Communities in Africa was established by the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights with the adoption of Resolution 51 at the 28th Ordinary Session (Cotonou, Benin - 23 October to 6 November 2000). The mandate calls for the Working Group to
- examine the concept of indigenous people and communities in Africa;
- study the implication of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights and well-being of indigenous communities, especially with regard to:
- the right to equality (Articles 2 and 3);
- the right to dignity (Article 5);
- protection against domination (Article 19);
- on self-determination (Article 20); and
- the promotion of cultural development and identity (Article 22).
- consider appropriate recommendation for the monitoring and protection of the rights of indigenous communities.
The mandate has been renewed four times with the adoption of Resolution 81 at the 38th Ordinary Session, Resolution 123 at the 42nd Ordinary Session, Resolution 155 at the 46th Ordinary Session and Resolution 204 at the 50th Ordinary Session.Since 2005, the Working Group has held more than ten research and information visits to State Parties, with the general purpose to inquire into the status of indigenous peoples.