National Human Rights Institutions

NHRIs are statutory bodies established by governments in Africa and charged with the responsibility of promoting and protecting human rights institutions in their respective countries. The establishment and operations of this institution must conform to the UN Principles relating to the Status and Functioning of National Institution for the Protection and Promotion of Human Rights (Paris Principles).

Although the rights and obligations of affiliated NHRIs are similar in some respects to those of NGOs granted observer status, NHRIs are also required to assist the Commission in the promotion of the human rights at the country level. For instance, NHRIs have encouraged their countries to ratify human rights treaties. They have also played and continue to play a significant role in enhancing the protective and promotional activities of the Commission. Their contributions include raising awareness of the Commission’s activities.

NHRIs affiliated to the Commission are entitled to attend and participate in the Commission’s public sessions. Like NGOs, they are required to submit report on their activities to the Commission every two years.

NHRIStateOrdinary Session
Commission Nationale Independente des Droits de l’Homme Burundi53rd Ordinary Session
9 - 22 April 2013
National Human Rights Commission of MauritaniaMauritania47th Ordinary Session
12 - 26 May 2010
Commission nationale des droits de l’homme du MaliMali42nd Ordinary Session
15 - 28 November 2007
National Commission for Human Rights and Liberties of Cameroon Cameroon42nd Ordinary Session
15 - 28 November 2007
Ethiopian Human Rights CommissionEthiopia40th Ordinary Session
15 - 29 November 2006
Uganda Human Rights Commission Uganda40th Ordinary Session
15 - 29 November 2006
Kenya National Commission on Human RightsKenya36th Ordinary Session
23 November - 7 December 2004
L’Observatoire National des Droits de l’Homme de la République Démocratique du CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo36th Ordinary Session
23 November - 7 December 2004
Permanent Human Rights Commission of ZambiaZambia35th Ordinary Session
21 May - 4 June 2004
Commission Nationale des Droits Humains du Burkina FasoBurkina Faso35th Ordinary Session
21 May - 4 June 2004
Commission for Human Rights and Good Governance of TanzaniaTanzania35th Ordinary Session
21 May - 4 June 2004
National Human Rights Commission NigeriaNigeria32nd Ordinary Session
17 - 23 October 2002
South African Human Rights CommissionSouth Africa32nd Ordinary Session
17 - 23 October 2002
Conseil National Consultatif pour la Promotion et la Protection des Droits de l'Homme, AlgérieAlgeria32nd Ordinary Session
17 - 23 October 2002
National Commission on Human Rights and FreedomsCameroon31st Ordinary Session
2 - 16 May 2002
Commission Nationale des Droits de l'Homme du Togo Togo31st Ordinary Session
2 - 16 May 2002
National Human Rights Commission of MauritiusMauritius31st Ordinary Session
2 - 16 May 2002
Commission Nationale des Droits de l'Homme du Tchad Chad29th Ordinary Session
23 April - 7 May 2001
Comité Sénégalais des Droits de l'Homme Senegal28th Ordinary Session
23 October - 6 November 2000
Commission Nationale des Droits de l'Homme et des Libertés Fondamentales (Niger)Niger28th Ordinary Session
23 October - 6 November 2000
National Commission for Democracy and Human Rights, Sierra LeoneSierra Leone28th Ordinary Session
23 October - 6 November 2000
Commission Nationale des Droits de l'Homme du Rwanda Rwanda27th Ordinary Session
27 April - 11 May 2000
Observatoire Nationale des Droits de l'Homme, Algerie - replaced in 2001 by the Conseil National Consultatif pour la Promotion et la Protection des Droits de l'HommeAlgeria27th Ordinary Session
27 April - 11 May 2000

Criteria for granting of affiliate status

To be granted affiliate status, the prospect NHRIs must fulfil the following requirements:
  • It must be a national institution of a state party to the Charter.
  • It must be duly established by law.
  • It should conform to the ‘Paris Principles’.
  • It must formally apply to the Commission for affiliate status.
Resolution on the Granting of Observer Status to National Human Rights Institutions in Africa

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