114: Resolution on Migration and Human Rights

The African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights (the African Commission or ACHPR), meeting at its 42nd Ordinary Session held in Brazzaville, Republic of Congo, from 15 - 28 November 2007:

Recalling its mandate to promote human and peoples’ rights and ensure their protection in Africa under the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (the African Charter);

Considering that Sub-Saharan African countries are experiencing population movements by a number of different categories of people: workers, refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs), of whom one third of the estimated 200 million migrants worldwide are from Africa, a third of all refugees, and about half the IDPs in the world, are within Africa;

Concerned that women constitute 47% of all migrants within sub-Saharan Africa and that women and children constitute 70% of the refugees and IDPs on the continent;

Considering the scope of the violations of the rights guaranteed by the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights surrounding the question of migration, namely violation of the right to life, the right to free movement of the person, the obligation to protect civilians, discriminations, etc.;

Recalling the appointment during the 34th Ordinary Session of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, of a Special Rapporteur on Refugees, Asylum Seekers and Internally displaced Persons in Africa, whose mandate was renewed during the 40th session, to cover migrant issues;

Recalling the experts’ meeting organised by the African Union (AU), on migration and development in April 2006, in Algiers, and recalling the decision of the AU Executive Council held in January, 2007, calling for the organisation of a Special Summit on Refugees, Repatriated and Internally Displaced Persons in 2008;

Recommends to State Parties to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights:

Done in Brazzaville, Republic of Congo, 28 November 2007.