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African Commission on
Human and Peoples' Rights

227/99 Democratic Republic of Congo / Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda

States Burundi Rwanda Uganda
Date May 29 , 2003
Session 33rd Ordinary SessionMay 15 to May 29 , 2003

Decided on merits

Violated Articles: Articles: 2, 4, 6, 12.1, 12.2, 14, 16, 17, 18.1, 18.3, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23
Alleged violated articles : Articles: 2, 4, 6, 12, 16, 17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23
Non violated articles :

African Charter on Human and People’s Rights (ACHPR) – massive violations of human and peoples’ rights committed by the armed forces in the Republics of Burundi, Rwanda and Uganda.

Whether the respondent is in violation of the fundamental principles that govern friendly relations between State under the Charters of the United Nations (UN) and the Organization of African Unity (OAU): non-recourse to force in international relations, the peaceful settlement of differences, respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of States and non-interference in the internal affairs of States.

Whether the procedure outlined in Article 48 of the Charter is permissive or mandatory.

Whether local remedies were exhausted by the complainant State.

Whether the respondent is in violation of the following rights under ACHPR: Right to Freedom from Discrimination; Right to Life; Prohibition of Torture and Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment; Right to Personal Liberty and Protection from Arbitrary Arrest; Right to Freedom of Movement; Right to Health; Right to Education; Protection of the Family and Vulnerable Groups; Right of All Peoples to Equality and Rights; Right to Self-Determination; Right to Free Disposal of Wealth and Natural Resources; Right to Economic, Social and Cultural Development; Right to National and International Security and Peace.

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