Cameroon Cameroon: Initial Report, 1989-2000

Periodic Report

Period Covered:1989 - 2000
Date Considered: 16 May 2002
Session Considered:31st Ordinary Session
2 - 16 May 2002. Pretoria, South Africa

Concluding Observations

Adopted at 31st Ordinary Session, 2 - 16 May 2002, Pretoria, South Africa.


​V- Recommendations

The African Commission recommends that the Government of Cameroon:

17. Should strengthen its policies of access to free, compulsory and universal basic education so as to eliminate gender discrimination;

18. Should review its prison conditions with a view to bringing them in line with the principles of the African Charter and international standards;

19. Should continue working in close collaboration with Non Governmental Organisations (NGOs), so that the rights enshrined in the African Charter can be fully realised;

20. To further promote the culture for the respect of human rights so as to reduce the existing tension between English-speaking and French-speaking citizens and promote peaceful co-existence among the different ethnic groups in the country;

21. To ratify as soon as possible the Protocol Establishing the African Court;

22. To effectively implement the instruments and different programmes mentioned in the report as well as the provisions of the African Charter so as to guarantee a better promotion and protection of human rights;

23. Inform the African Commission, in its next Periodic Report, of the steps it has taken to address the areas of concern, as well as how it has implemented the recommendations in this Concluding Observations.

Adopted at 31st Ordinary Session of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights held from 2 to 16 May 2002 Pretoria, South Africa

The report covers the period from the ratification of the Charter by Cameroon in 1989 up to 2000. It contains an Introduction and two Parts containing 8 Chapters, as follows:

PART ONE : General framework for human rights promotion and protection in Cameroon
  1. International legal instruments binding Cameroon in the guarantee of Human Rights
  2. Internal legal framework
PART TWO: Information relating to each right, freedom and obligation as per the provisions of the African Charter
  1. Civil and political rights
  2. Economic and social rights
  3. Peoples' rights
  4. Elimination of all forms of racial discrimination
  5. Elimination of all forms of discrimination against women
  6. Obligations
From the Conclusion:
"528. In this respect, with regard to civil and political rights, after three decades of a reign characterized by repressive, emergency laws, the State in 1990 adopted a series of laws known as freedom laws, governing, among others, freedom of expression, freedom of mass communication, freedom of association, the conditions for entry and residence in and exit from the national territory, and political parties.
529. With regard to economic, social and cultural rights, various programmes and projects were designed and implemented through multifarious actions with the intention of improving the living conditions of the population and promoting individual and collective well-being.
530. However, contingencies arising from the international economic crisis and internal structural adjustment demands forced the government to adopt restrictive budgetary policies, entailing drastic cuts in expenditures earmarked for the social sectors. This situation was a setback to the government's desire to attain a standard of living compatible with human dignity."


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