Cameroon Cameroon: 2nd Periodic Report, 2003-2005

Periodic Report

Period Covered:2003 - 2005
Date Submitted: 12 May 2010
Session Considered:47th Ordinary Session
12 - 26 May 2010. Banjul, Gambia

Concluding Observations

Adopted at 47th Ordinary Session, 12 - 26 May 2010, Banjul, Gambia.


Recommendations

IV - Recommendations

The African Commission recommends that the Government of Cameroon should:

  1. Harmonize the national legislation with the regional and international standards on the rights of indigenous populations/communities.
  2. Collaborate and invite the Working Group on Indigenous Populations to undertake a promotional visit to Cameroon to pursue the dialogue on the theme and to find lasting solutions for the effective implementation of the rights of these populations.
  3. Adopt as early as possible appropriate legislation for the protection of the rights of indigenous populations.
  4. Abandon the use of the term « marginal populations » to refer to indigenous populations, as recommended by the United Nations Committee for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination in its final observations CERD/C/CMR/CO/15-18.
  5. Harmonize the land laws and adopt special measures allowing the indigenous populations to fully enjoy all their rights, in particular their right to land, and to work towards the consideration of their cultural peculiarities including nomadism so as to prevent this factor from restricting the enjoyment of their rights.
  6. Take all the necessary measures to guarantee to all political parties free and fair electoral campaigns in the run-up to the upcoming elections.
  7. Harmonize the national legislation with the Declaration of Principles on Freedom of Expression in Africa, notably by decriminalizing libel and adopting a law on access to information.
  8. Take all the necessary measures to make effective the right to freedom of expression and to guarantee for journalists all the security required in the exercise of their professional activities.
  9. Reinforce the programmes and policies adopted in the area of reproductive health in order to raise the level of access by women and adolescents to family planning and to accessible and good quality health services and to reduce maternal and infant mortality rates.
  10. Accelerate the reform of the Criminal Code which provides for the inclusion of punitive clauses related to violence against women and to put in place appropriate measures and programmes for the eradication of all forms of violence against women including the training of Judges, Lawyers and Judicial Police Officers.
  11. Take the necessary measures to give full effect to the African Union’s Solemn Declaration on Gender Equality, starting notably with the submission of annual Reports to the African Union on the situation of the rights of women in Cameroon.
  12. Put in place a policy of gender representation in the decision making positions, in particular the adoption of 50% quota for women.
  13. Take special measures to guarantee the protection and implementation of indigenous women’s rights due to their extreme vulnerability and the discrimination to which they are subjected to.
  14. Take the required and urgent measures for the abolition of the death penalty in Cameroon by taking into account the international standards and the Resolutions of the African Commission on the abolition of the death penalty.
  15. Guarantee to workers the full and total exercise of all their social and economic rights in order to avoid the infernal cycle of strike action which is liable to paralyse the country’s economy.
  16. Collaborate with the African Commission for the implementation of the Robben Island Guidelines which carry provisions relating to Torture and cruel, inhuman and degrading punishment, notably by inviting the Commission to carry out a sensitization mission to Cameroon on this tool for the protection of human and peoples’ rights.
  17. Provide disaggregated statistics on the condition of prisons and places of detention.
  18. Give detailed information on the living conditions of older persons as well as on the measures put in place to guarantee their rights.
  19. Provide detailed information on the living conditions of the persons with disabilities and on the measures put in place to guarantee their rights.
  20. Guarantee security in the exercise of their activities for the human rights defenders in conformity with the United Nations Declaration on Human Rights Defenders and the principles prescribed by the African Charter.
  21. Provide reliable statistics and strengthen the policies and plans that promote the enjoyment of economic, social and cultural rights, in particular the right to food, access to clean drinking water, to housing and to electricity.
  22. Take the necessary measures to:
  1. Ratify the African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance;
  2. Ratify the Protocol to the African Charter Establishing the African Court, and to make the Declaration under Article 34(6) of the same Protocol;
  3. Deposit the instruments of ratification of the Protocol to the African Charter on the Rights of Women in Africa in the earliest time possible.
  1. Collaborate with the National Human Rights Commission, the members of civil society and all the actors involved in the promotion of human rights in Cameroon in the preparation of Periodic Reports from the beginning to the end.
  2. Take all the necessary steps for the presentation of the next Periodic Report in 2012.
  3. Take legislative and other measures for the effective implementation of all the rights guaranteed in the African Charter, including Articles 27,28 and 29.
  4. Provide disaggregated statistics that depict the state of implementation of the rights prescribed by the African Charter and the evaluation of the progress made and the challenges faced.
  5. Inform the African Commission of the steps it has taken to address the areas of concern, as well as how it has implemented the recommendations in this Concluding Observations.

Adopted at the 47th Ordinary Session of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights held from 12 to 26 May 2010, Banjul, The Gambia.

This Second Periodic Report covers the period 2003 – 2005 and takes into account the positive measures taken by the Government in the area of promotion and protection of human rights until the date of its submission. It indicates the factors and difficulties faced by the Cameroonian government in the implementation of the recommendations of the Commission made during the previous review.

At the socio-political level, efforts made by the Cameroonian government will be looked at in order to consolidate the democratic gains through the following:

  • The gradual  establishment of institutions provided for by the Constitution (the Constitutional Council, the Audit Office of the Supreme Court, decentralization  ...);
  • The consolidation and improvement of the running of the structures for the promotion and protection of individual freedoms such as the National Commission on Human Rights and Freedoms, National Elections Observatory (ONEL) and/or Elections Cameroon (ELECAM)

At the economic level, this presentation will review efforts aimed at conceptualizing all the policies that should underpin the economic, social and cultural development of the people. These include:

  • National Governance Programme (PNG);
  • Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP), and
  • National Participatory Development Programme (PNDP)

This report is structured in three parts as follows: Improvement of the legal framework for the promotion and protection of human rights (Part 1); Information on each right or freedom from the standpoint of the applicable articles of the Charter (Part 2), and Follow-up of the recommendations (Part 3).

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