Central African Republic Central African Republic: Initial and Cumulative Report, 1988-2006

Periodic Report

Period Covered:1988 - 2006
Date Submitted: 1 January 2006
Session Considered:39th Ordinary Session
11 - 25 May 2006. Banjul, Gambia

Concluding Observations

Adopted at 39th Ordinary Session, 11 - 25 May 2006, Banjul, Gambia.


Recommendations

V - Recommendations

The African Commission recommends to the Government of the CAR to:

17. Pursue institutional reforms aimed at establishing or strengthening all the republican institutions;

18. Create a National Human Rights Institution whose composition and mandate conforms to the Paris Principles and to the Resolution of the African Commission on Affiliate Status;

19. Put in place the necessary reforms and to mobilize financial, material and human resources to strengthen the judiciary;

20. Take into account the consequences of the serious, massive and generalized human rights violations committed during the periods of violent and armed conflicts by identifying and sanctioning the perpetrators of the violations and ensuring that the victims are adequately compensated;

21. Ensure that the conditions of arrest, preliminary interrogation and detention of the presumed perpetrators respect the principles of the Robben Island Guidelines and
the right to a fair hearing;

22. Take adequate measures in combating insecurity and violence and ensuring their implementation whilst maintaining respect for the provisions of the African Charter;

23. Take the necessary steps towards the ratification of the Protocols to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women and on the Establishment of an African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights as well as the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child;

24. Carry out the necessary reforms to guarantee rapid and sustainable human development, favorable to the full enjoyment of human rights in CAR;

25. Carry out reforms to strengthen judicial assistance and the independence of the judiciary;

26. Improve the living conditions in the prisons;

27. Put in place a prison for juvenile offenders;

28. Facilitate access to education especially for girls and their stay in school;

29. Improve the socio-economic conditions of rural women and the participation of women in the decision making process;

30. Transmit to the Secretariat the written responses to the questions posed by the African Commission during the presentation of the Report;

31. Inform the African Commission, in its next Periodic Report, of the steps it has taken to address the areas of concern, as well as how it has implemented the recommendations in this Concluding Observations.

Adopted at the 39th Ordinary Session of the African Commission on Human Peoples’ Rights held from 11 to 25 May 2006, Banjul, The Gambia.

This Report combines ten Reports in the period between 1988 to 2006 and includes:
  • a general overview of the Central African Republic and its commitment in the area of human rights;
  • the political regimes before and after independence;
  • the implementation by the CAR of the rights protected by the African Charter;
  • the measures taken by the CAR to improve the conditions of vulnerable groups, namely Women, Children, the Physically Handicapped and Minorities;
  • the measures taken by CAR to protect the family and its integrity;
  • the measures guaranteeing the respect for the rights of the individual;
  • the difficulties encountered by the CAR in the application of the Charter;
  • the implementation of human rights education by the CAR;
  • the Charter as an instrument of international relations;
  • some information relevant to the application and promotion of the Charter.
From the Conclusion:
"[T]he production of the present initial and cumulative Report in conformity with Article 62 of the Charter is evidence of the firm political will of the current regime to make the promotion and protection of human rights one of its priorities, thereby rectifying the lapses of the former regimes in this area."

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