The African Commission urges the Government of Egypt to:
24. Intensify efforts for the effective implementation of the African Charter, and ensure that gender equity and equality is integrated in all programmes, structures and activities;
25. Withdraw reservations on the African Charter, particularly those on the equality of women and address the continued rise in Female Genital Mutilation;
26. Lift the State of Emergency;
27. Guarantee independent, free and fair presidential elections and the participation of more candidates in the upcoming elections;
28. Implement the Robben Island Guidelines and facilitate their wide distribution among the State security agents and citizenry;
29. Intensify efforts to interact more with members of civil society organisations, in particular those working in the field of human rights and encourage them to apply for observer status with the African Commission;
30. Ratify the Protocol Establishing the African Court and the Women’s Protocol;
31. Respect the right to freedom of movement and residence;
32. Address environmental pollution problems especially in the Urban areas;
33. Allow the African Commission to undertake missions to Egypt;
34. Ensure that measures taken to fight terror are taken in conformity with human rights standards set forth by relevant human rights instruments ratified by Egypt, including the African Charter;
35. Take appropriate steps to meet international requirements in the fight against torture and, in particular, implement the recommendations and concluding observations adopted by the United Nations Committee Against Torture on Egypt;
36. Take appropriate steps to implement the recommendations of the National Council for Human Rights; and
37. Inform the African Commission, in its next Periodic Report in 2007, of the steps it has taken to address the areas of concern, as well as how it has implemented the recommendations in this Concluding Observations.
Adopted at the 37th Ordinary Session of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights held from 27 April to 11 May 2005, Banjul, The Gambia.
This Report explains Egypt’s contribution to international human rights instruments, as well as the legal framework for the protection of human rights principles in Egypt, within the legal framework of the African Charter. It also indicates the legislative measures introduced for the effective implementation of international treaties and the African Charter. In addition, it deals with the application of the provisions of the Charter and the progress made both at regional and international level.
Achievements are listed by Chapter covering broad categories:
- civil and political rights, with sections dealing with particular rights
- economic, social and cultural rights, with sections dealing with particular rights
- rights of families and other special categories, with sections dealing with particular groups
- obstacles to implementing the Charter in the existing economic and social conditions
- education, awareness raising and dissemination of information
- cooperation between Egypt and Africa
The obstacles are centred on three fronts: illiteracy, poverty and unemployment. Egypt coped with these obstacles through a clear policy expressed via ambitious development plans.