Ethiopia: 1st to 4th Periodic Reports, 1998-2007
Concluding ObservationsAdopted at 47th Ordinary Session, 12 - 26 May 2010, Banjul, Gambia.
RecommendationsV - Recommendations
The African Commission recommends that the FDRE should:
59. Make greater effort to ensure that the provisions of the African Charter as well as the work of the African Commission are well publicised in the whole country. In this regard, it encourages the State Party to take steps to translate and make available the African Charter in as many local languages as possible.
60. Take steps to create an effective affirmative action to guarantee female participation in all spheres of government, and also enact at the Federal level, legislation prohibiting FGM, violence and discriminatory practices against women.
61. Take the necessary steps to establish mechanisms for generating accurate statistical data on gender related issues, such as the level of female participation in all spheres and tiers of government and on the prevalence of FGM in each State of the Federation.
62. Introduce appropriate policies to address the high incidence of infant and maternal mortality, especially in the Northern part of the Country.
63. Ensure that its electoral laws conform to the relevant principles in the Declaration of Principles of Freedom of Expression in its entirety and also that it ratifies the African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Good Governance.
64. Step up efforts to protect women migrant workers, prevent activities of illegal employment agencies and ensure that women are provided with adequate information on safe migration before departure, and conclude bilateral agreements with receiving countries.
65. Take steps to ease the difficulties of access to justice occasioned by the high cost of litigation and the complex court processes, through measures such as the provision of legal aid, establishment of mobile courts, introduction of para-legal officers in the judicial system and the use and availability of interpreters and local languages in Courts.
66. Increase the number of circuit courts in all districts to save litigants from walking for days before accessing a court.
67. Ratify the Protocol Establishing the African Court and make the declaration under Article 34 (6) of the same Protocol, which allows individuals and NGOs to have standing and bring cases before the Court.
68. Take steps to enact legislation protecting the rights of Persons Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA), which prohibits discrimination against them. The African Commission recommends that steps be taken to develop a programme preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV/AIDS through which the necessary testing and provision of medicines to pregnant women is made available in all public health care facilities.
69. Take all measures to guarantee the protection of minor refugees in line with the provision of the African Charter and international refugee laws on treatment of unaccompanied and separated children outside their country of origin.
70. Strengthen the National Human Rights Commission and provide it with adequate human and financial resources in order to increase effectiveness in mainstreaming gender perspective in all policies and in promoting the human rights of women.
71. Take the necessary steps to address through legislative measures concerns regarding resources allocation for the prevention of practices such as harmful traditional practices, birth registration, child labour, refugee children and juvenile justice.
72. Review the Charities and Civil Societies Proclamation (CSO) that proscribe human rights organisations from getting more than ten percent of their funding from abroad.
73. Guarantee the security of tenure of the members and the independence of National Electoral Body and the National Electoral Commission.
74. Adopt mechanisms to bridge the disparity of employment ratio between male and female employees.
75. Put in place concrete legislative measures on gender-based violence at the national level to address the problem of FGM and discrimination against women.
76. Create enabling environment to journalists by increasing the number of private radio stations and periodicals for easy access to information.
77. Supply information on reasons that led to the fleeing of the two judges, Wolde-Micheal-Meshesha and Firehiwot Samuel before the completion of their assignment.
78. Review Proclamation 590/2008 to protect journalists from being forced to disclose the sources of their information.
79. Put in place mechanisms to bring suspects before a court of law in a timely manner.
80. Put in place measures, and legislations, that will protect persons living with HIV/AIDS from discrimination in the society as well as to address the problem of mother- to-child transmission of HIV/AIDS.
81. Put in place mechanisms to address the plight of persons with disabilities in the country.
82. Sensitize law enforcement officers about the Robben Island Guidelines.
83. Ratify the OPCAT.
84. Provide information on conditions of prisons and places of detention in Ethiopia, and ensure that prisoners are held in humane conditions.
85. Provide information regarding political prisoners, if any.
86. Bring to justice those responsible for the dearth of protesters during the 2005 post-election violence.
87. Increase the existing measures aimed at improving food shortage, such as irrigation, water control and diversification of crops in order to effectively avoid the heavy dependence on international food aid.
88. Take measures to eradicate or reduce the two leading causes of death, which are Malaria and Tuberculosis.
89. Inform the African Commission, in its next Periodic Report, of the steps it has taken to address the areas of concern, as well as how it has implemented the recommendations in this Concluding Observations.
Adopted at the 47th Ordinary Session of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights held from 12 to 26 May 2010, Banjul, The Gambia.
The present Report combines the Initial, 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th Periodic Reports and covers the period from 1998 to 2007. "The Government regrets the delay in presenting the reports caused by an inadequacy of resources. Now, through technical and financial assistance received from the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights-East Africa Regional Office, however, this constraint has been removed and the Government is able to submit these overdue reports."
The first part contains an Introduction plus General factual and statistical information, Constitutional, political and legal structure of the State and Acceptance of international and regional human rights norms. Part II describes the measures taken for the implementation of the Charter. Article by Article. Annexes include a large number of tables and graphs.