Mauritania: 8th and 9th Periodic Reports
Concluding ObservationsAdopted at 37th Ordinary Session , 27 April - 11 May 2005, Banjul, Gambia.
RecommendationsV – Recommandations
The African Commission recommends that the Government of Mauritania should:
24. Pursue its efforts in the area of democratisation and the implementation of the rule of law, stability and peace in Mauritania;
25. Deploy more efforts to disseminate the African Charter and provide training to judges, lawyers and law enforcement officials;
26. Ensure greater involvement of all Non-Governmental Organisations and activists concerned in the implementation process of regional and international human rights instruments to which Mauritania is signatory, in particular the African Charter;
27. Intensify dialogue between the Government and civil society organisations, especially those working in the field of human rights;
28. Intensify, in collaboration with civil society organisations, especially those working in the field of human rights, the efforts for the respect of the rights of women and the fight against practices that affect them, in accordance with duly ratified instruments, in particular the African Charter;
29. Pursue efforts to completely and definitely eradicate slavery, notably by thouroughly investigating cases, by bringing to justice and punishing those responsible for such practices;
30. Deploy more efforts towards the fight against cooruption;
31. Set up and implement adequate measures to guarantee the specific protection of the rights of individuals infected by malaria or HIV/AIDS, particularly women and children, and ensure access to adequate medical care;
32. Ensure, without prejudice to the current policy which favours women that the latter play a more significant role in the management of public affairs and in economical and social development;
33. Take the necessary steps toward the establishment of a National Human Rights Institution that functions according to relevant provisions of the Paris Principles and the resolution of the African Commission governing such institutions;
34. Take appropriate measures to expedite the process of ratification of the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Establishment of An African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights, the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa and the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child;
35. Give a swift and timely response to the decisions of the African Commission on communications brought against it;
36. Inform the African Commission, in its next Periodic Report, of the steps it has taken to address the areas of concern, as well as how it has implemented the recommendations in this Concluding Observations.
The first part of this report contains an introduction to Mauritania and the institutions responsible for the protection and promotion of human rights. The second part describes the laws and measures taken in the areas of civil and political rights, economic and social rights and the rights of peoples, as well as specific duties set forth in the Charter.
Extract from the Conclusion:
"The Islamic Republic of Mauritania ... wishes to express its commitment to implement its treaty obligations, made in the context of the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms. This is reflected today by institutional, legislative, regulatory, administrative, judicial and other measures to improve the living conditions of its citizens and creating a climate conducive to the exercise of freedom and enjoyment of all Rights under the Charter. Although deficiencies still exist and are related to the context of globalization and underdevelopment at the national level, the Mauritanian government is committed to taking all necessary measures to accelerate the political, economic, social and cultural development."