Rwanda: 7th Periodic Report, 1999-2002
Concluding ObservationsAdopted at 36th Ordinary Session, 23 November - 7 December 2004, Dakar, Senegal.
The African Commission recommends that the Government of Rwanda should:
25. Pursue its efforts in the area of democratisation and the implementation of the rule of law, stability and peace in Rwanda and in the sub-region.
26. Pursue efforts to deal with the genocide hearings/trials in accordance with the standards which are compatible with the right to a fair trial.
27. Pursue efforts for the effective implementation of the African Charter by ensuring the integration of the gender perspective in all related programmes, structures and activities.
28. Set up and implement adequate measures to guarantee the specific protection of the rights of individuals infected by HIV/AIDS, particularly women and children, and the access to adequate medical care.
29. Implement and ensure the follow-up of measures in the protection of the identity and cultural rights of Rwandan indigenous populations, notably their rights to freedom of association and expression, in conformity with national legislation.
30. Ensure greater involvement of NGOs and other stakeholders in the implementation process of regional and international instruments to which Rwanda is signatory, in particular the African Charter.
31. Ensure, without prejudice to the current policy which favours women, that the latter play a more significant part in the management of public affairs.
32. Take measures to guarantee the effective protection of returning refugees and displaced persons, by according them equal rights in all areas including economic and social rights, without discrimination, thereby allowing their social re-insertion/reintegration which should lead to genuine national reconciliation.
33. Inform the African Commission, in its next Periodic Report, of the steps it has taken to address the areas of concern, as well as how it has implemented the recommendations in this Concluding Observations.
Adopted at the 36th Ordinary Session of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights held from 23 November to 7 December 2004, Dakar, Senegal.
The present Report covers the period 2000 – 2002 and is "the fruit of the combined efforts of the public institutions and of national independent organizations and institutions working in the field of human rights."
The report consists of two parts, sub-divided into Chapters. Part I deals with the institutional system and human rights instruments. The first Chapter of Part II deals with measures taken for application of the provisions of the Charter, with regard to civil and political rights; economic, social and cultural rights; and the rights of peoples. The second Chapter deals with difficulties encountered in the implementation of the Charter (including poverty, ignorance, and taboos and stereotypes) and solutions envisaged.
From the Conclusion:
"Rwanda is developing a policy of institution and strengthening of state organs responsible for the promotion of the respect for human rights and for the monitoring of the development of those components of civil society which can promote respect by all, of the rights and liberties stipulated by the African Charter of Human and Peoples’ Rights.
The Government is working at the creation of an appropriate legal framework for the application of the essential principles, which are indispensable for the promotion of these
rights and will spare no effort for the realization of these objectives...
Nonetheless, constraints independent of the political will and often superior to the available means of action tend to slow down the process without however stopping it."