+220 441 05 05-6 | au-banjul@africa-union.org

African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights

Invitation of submissions for contribution to the thematic report on declarations of state of emergency and state of disaster laws and practices in Africa


The African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights during its 66th Ordinary Session, held from 13 July to 07 August 2020, adopted Resolution 447 on upholding human rights during situations of emergency and in other exceptional circumstances - ACHPR/Res. 447 (LXVI) 2020. This Resolution, inter alia, tasked the Commission's Focal Point on Human Rights in Conflict Situations in Africa (the Focal Point) to "report on declarations of state of emergency and state of disaster laws and practices in Africa to ensure that they comply with human and peoples’ rights standards under the African Charter.

At the 68th Ordinary Session of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights (ACHPR), its Chairperson, Hon. Commissioner Solomon Dersso, provided a second report in relation to ACHPR/Res. 447 (LXVI) 2020 to "report on declarations of state of emergency and state of disaster laws and practices in Africa to ensure that they comply with human and peoples’ rights standards under the African Charter". 

To assist in the preparation of the third intersessional report, to be tabled during the 69th Ordinary Session in November 2021, the ACHPR invites State Parties, national human rights institutions (NHRIs), non-government organisations with Observer Status, and other interested parties, to make submissions on:

  • African countries in which declarations of emergency or disaster were made, and how long they were in place/how many times renewed;
  • The substantive elements that were contained in these declarations, e.g. on lockdown/curfews, closing of borders, health measures, social distancing; vaccination roll out
  • The sanctions imposed for violating any provisions of the declarations;
  • The human rights implications of these declarations, either in themselves or in the way in which they were enforced, and with a particular focus on the most vulnerable groups; and
  • Any other matter pertinent to the promotion and protection of obligations under the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights.

Please send your submission no later than Monday 30 August 2021, to Ms Hari Tesfaye (Harite@afrca-union.com) and Ms Eva Heza (Hezae@africa-union.org), in English, French, Portuguese or Arabic, and in MS Word or compatible format