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African Commission on
Human and Peoples' Rights

Recommendations and Resolutions Adopted by the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, 1988 - 2017

Pre face

This publication contains recommendations and resolutions of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights (ACHPR) since its establishment in 1987 on very important issues adjudged to be pertinent to its operations as the implementation body of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights. The decision to publish and publicise these recommendations and resolutions is in line with the Commission’s commitment to openness and continuing desire to minimise or remove confidentiality, with regard to the work and proceedings of the Commission. This publication thus introduces to the public, other mechanisms by which the Commission tries to enhance its effectiveness as it strives to ensure implementation of the African Charter.

The publication is also in furtherance of the recognition that publicity is essential for the promotion of human and peoples’ rights. For instance, some of the recommendations and resolutions obligate States Parties to the Charter to accomplish stated objectives seen as facilitative of the Commission’s work. Most of these obligations, such as provided for in the resolutions for the integration of articles 1-29 of the Charter; international humanitarian law into domestic legislation; inclusion in the training of all law enforcement officers, civil and military and in the educational curriculum for all schools, private and public, at all levels, are yet to be fulfilled by many State Parties. It is therefore hoped that this publication will serve as a reminder to defaulting States and all concerned or involved in the promotion and protection of human and peoples’ rights that there is much work yet to be done.

The recommendations and resolutions contained in this pamphlet are in the main, consequential rules borne out of the experiences of the Commission since its establishment.

They entail essential details necessary to give practicality and eliminate confusion from the broad formulae sometimes offered by the African Charter. The resolution on State Party reporting, for instance, empowers the Commission to give guidelines for the preparation of State reports and to examine them. The recommendations and resolutions also serve as useful guidelines intended to give operational effect to certain Charter provisions and consequently the expectations that can, with the benefit of clarity, be placed on the African Commission.

The publication of the recommendations and resolutions of the African Commission shall be continued as part of the evolving process of rendering the workings and work of the Commission a matter of public record. The Commission hopes by this, to generate and benefit from attendant public debates and positive contributions.

Most importantly, however, is the fact that it gives the Commission the opportunity to keep the peoples of Africa, for which it was established, and others concerned with the promotion and protection of human rights in Africa, informed of its internal dynamics and programmes of action undertaken and/or yet to be undertaken.