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African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights

Special Rapporteur on Human Rights Defenders and Focal Point on Reprisals in Africa


The Special Rapporteur on Human Rights Defenders was established by the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights with the adoption of Resolution 69 at the 35th Ordinary Session held in Banjul, The Gambia from 21st May to 4th June 2004. The mandate calls for the Special Rapporteur to:

  1. seek, receive, examine and act upon information on the situation of human rights defenders in Africa;
  2. submit reports at every ordinary session of the African Commission;
  3. cooperate and engage in dialogue with Member States, National Human Rights Institutions, relevant intergovernmental bodies, international and regional mechanisms of protection of human rights defenders and other stake holders;
  4. develop and recommend effective strategies to better protect human rights defenders and follow up on his/her recommendations;  and
  5. raise awareness and promote the implementation of the UN Declaration on Human Rights Defenders in Africa.

The mandate was renewed through Resolutions adopted at the 38th Ordinary Session in 2005, the 42nd Ordinary Session in 2007, the 46th Ordinary Session in 2009 and the 49th session in 2011.

Prof. Rémy Ngoy Lumbu


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Intersession Activity Reports

63rd Ordinary Session

From October 24 to November 13 , 2018

Prof. Rémy Ngoy Lumbu

61st Ordinary Session

From November 01 to November 15 , 2017

Madame Reine Alapini-Gansou

60th Ordinary Session

From May 08 to May 22 , 2017

Madame Reine Alapini-Gansou

59th Ordinary Session

From October 21 to November 04 , 2016

Madame Reine Alapini-Gansou

58th Ordinary Session

From April 06 to April 20 , 2016

Madame Reine Alapini-Gansou

57th Ordinary Session

From November 04 to November 18 , 2015

Madame Reine Alapini-Gansou

56th Ordinary Session

From April 21 to May 07 , 2015

Madame Reine Alapini-Gansou

55th Ordinary Session

From April 28 to May 12 , 2014

Madame Reine Alapini-Gansou

54th Ordinary Session

From October 22 to November 05 , 2013

Madame Reine Alapini-Gansou

52nd Ordinary Session

From October 09 to October 22 , 2012

48th Ordinary Session

From November 10 to November 24 , 2010

Mohamed Bechir Khalfallah

47th Ordinary Session

From May 12 to May 26 , 2010

Mohamed Bechir Khalfallah

45th Ordinary Session

From May 13 to May 27 , 2009

Madame Reine Alapini-Gansou

43rd Ordinary Session

From May 07 to May 22 , 2008

Madame Reine Alapini-Gansou

44th Ordinary Session

From November 10 to November 24 , 2008

Madame Reine Alapini-Gansou